Articles | Volume 12, issue 10
The Cryosphere, 12, 3161–3175, 2018
The Cryosphere, 12, 3161–3175, 2018

Review article 04 Oct 2018

Review article | 04 Oct 2018

An assessment of sub-snow GPS for quantification of snow water equivalent

Ladina Steiner et al.


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Ladina Steiner on behalf of the Authors (14 Sep 2018)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (19 Sep 2018) by Martin Schneebeli
Short summary
The amount of water stored in snow cover is of high importance for flood risks, climate change, and early-warning systems. We evaluate the potential of using GPS to estimate the stored water. We use GPS antennas buried underneath the snowpack and develop a model based on the path elongation of the GPS signals while propagating through the snowpack. The method works well over full seasons, including melt periods. Results correspond within 10 % to the state-of-the-art reference data.