Articles | Volume 15, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 15, 3021–3033, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-3021-2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 3021–3033, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-3021-2021

Research article 01 Jul 2021

Research article | 01 Jul 2021

Three in one: GPS-IR measurements of ground surface elevation changes, soil moisture, and snow depth at a permafrost site in the northeastern Qinghai–Tibet Plateau

Jiahua Zhang et al.

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Latest update: 23 Sep 2021
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Short summary
We improve the commonly used GPS-IR algorithm for estimating surface soil moisture in permafrost areas, which does not consider the bias introduced by seasonal surface vertical movement. We propose a three-in-one framework to integrate the GPS-IR observations of surface elevation changes, soil moisture, and snow depth at one site and illustrate it by using a GPS site in the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau. This study is the first to use GPS-IR to measure environmental variables in the Tibetan Plateau.