Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 15, 1053–1064, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-1053-2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 1053–1064, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-1053-2021

Research article 26 Feb 2021

Research article | 26 Feb 2021

On the statistical properties of sea-ice lead fraction and heat fluxes in the Arctic

Einar Ólason et al.

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Cited articles

Aagaard, K., Coachman, L., and Carmack, E.: On the halocline of the Arctic Ocean, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 28, 529–545, https://doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(81)90115-1, 1981. a
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Andreas, E. L. and Cash, B. A.: Convective heat transfer over wintertime leads and polynyas, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 104, 25721–25734, https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JC900241, 1999. a, b, c
Andreas, E. L., Paulson, C. A., William, R. M., Lindsay, R. W., and Businger, J. A.: The turbulent heat flux from arctic leads, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 17, 57–91, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00121937, 1979. a
Barthélemy, A., Fichefet, T., Goosse, H., and Madec, G.: Modeling the interplay between sea ice formation and the oceanic mixed layer: Limitations of simple brine rejection parameterizations, Ocean Modell., 86, 141–152, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.12.009, 2015. a
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Short summary
We analyse the fractal properties observed in the pattern of the long, narrow openings that form in Arctic sea ice known as leads. We use statistical tools to explore the fractal properties of the lead fraction observed in satellite data and show that our sea-ice model neXtSIM displays the same behaviour. Building on this result we then show that the pattern of heat loss from ocean to atmosphere in the model displays similar fractal properties, stemming from the fractal properties of the leads.