Received: 02 May 2017 – Accepted for review: 04 Jun 2017 – Discussion started: 06 Jun 2017
Abstract. Estimation of hydraulic properties of active layers is challenging due to the freeze-thaw effect in space and time. Provided an active layer with an undulating thawing table, monitoring of spatial soil water dynamics could provide significant information for commonly-used inverse estimation of soil hydraulic properties. In this study, we assess the feasibility of efficiently estimating soil hydraulic properties using Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) observations – soil water storage and layer thickness in conjunction with a two-dimensional hydrological model. The results of this study conceptually demonstrate that spatial and temporal observations of soil moisture in the active layer during a rain event are sufficient for inverse estimation of soil hydraulic parameters. The proposed method depends on the lateral water redistribution controlled by the undulating frost table and/or the intensity and duration of the precipitation. We suggest that this method could be used for seasonal-scale estimation of soil hydraulic properties.
How to cite: Pan, X., Jaumann, S., Zhang, J., and Roth, K.: Brief communication: Estimation of hydraulic properties of active
layers using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and 2D inverse
hydrological modeling, The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2017-77, 2017.
This study proposes a new method for estimating hydraulic properties of active layers using ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and 2D inverse hydrological modeling. This method creatively turns over the adverse features of undulating frost table for 1D inverse estimation of hydraulic parameters to assets for 2D inverse estimation. Its advantages include non-destructive observations, a bigger scale of the soil hydraulic properties and efficiency for permafrost studies.
This study proposes a new method for estimating hydraulic properties of active layers using...