Articles | Volume 16, issue 8
The Cryosphere, 16, 3051–3070, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-3051-2022
The Cryosphere, 16, 3051–3070, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-3051-2022
Research article
02 Aug 2022
Research article | 02 Aug 2022

Offset of MODIS land surface temperatures from in situ air temperatures in the upper Kaskawulsh Glacier region (St. Elias Mountains) indicates near-surface temperature inversions

Ingalise Kindstedt et al.

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Short summary
We show that neither the large spatial footprint of the MODIS sensor nor poorly constrained snow emissivity values explain the observed cold offset in MODIS land surface temperatures (LSTs) in the St. Elias. Instead, the offset is most prominent under conditions associated with near-surface temperature inversions. This work represents an advance in the application of MODIS LSTs to glaciated alpine regions, where we often depend solely on remote sensing products for temperature information.