Articles | Volume 14, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 14, 967–984, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-967-2020
The Cryosphere, 14, 967–984, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-967-2020

Research article 16 Mar 2020

Research article | 16 Mar 2020

Spatial and temporal variations in glacier aerodynamic surface roughness during the melting season, as estimated at the August-one ice cap, Qilian mountains, China

Junfeng Liu et al.

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Latest update: 16 Jan 2022
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Short summary
Glacier surface roughness during melting season was observed by manual and automatic photogrammetry. Surface roughness was larger at the snow and ice transition zone than in fully snow- or ice-covered areas. Persistent snowfall and rainfall both reduce surface roughness. High or rising turbulent heat as a component of surface energy balance tended to produce a smooth ice surface; low or decreasing turbulent heat tended to produce a rougher surface.