Articles | Volume 14, issue 6
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-1951-2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-1951-2020
Research article
 | 
18 Jun 2020
Research article |  | 18 Jun 2020

Surface emergence of glacial plumes determined by fjord stratification

Eva De Andrés, Donald A. Slater, Fiamma Straneo, Jaime Otero, Sarah Das, and Francisco Navarro

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Latest update: 13 Jul 2024
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Short summary
Buoyant plumes at tidewater glaciers result from localized subglacial discharges of surface melt. They promote glacier submarine melting and influence the delivery of nutrients to the fjord's surface waters. Combining plume theory with observations, we have found that increased fjord stratification, which is due to larger meltwater content, prevents the vertical growth of the plume and buffers submarine melting. We discuss the implications for nutrient fluxes, CO2 trapping and water export.