Articles | Volume 13, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 13, 969–980, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-969-2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 969–980, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-969-2019

Research article 22 Mar 2019

Research article | 22 Mar 2019

Potential faster Arctic sea ice retreat triggered by snowflakes' greenhouse effect

Jui-Lin Frank Li et al.

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Short summary
Observed summer Arctic sea ice retreat has been faster than simulated by the average CMIP5 models, most of which exclude falling ice particles from their radiative calculations. We use controlled CESM1-CAM5 simulations to show for the first time that snowflakes' radiative effects can accelerate sea ice retreat. September retreat rates are doubled above current CO2 levels, highlighting falling ice radiative effects as a high priority for inclusion in future modelling of the Arctic.