Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
The Cryosphere, 13, 79–96, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-79-2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 79–96, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-79-2019
Research article
10 Jan 2019
Research article | 10 Jan 2019

Arctic sea-ice-free season projected to extend into autumn

Marion Lebrun et al.

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Short summary
The present analysis shows that the increase in the Arctic ice-free season duration will be asymmetrical, with later autumn freeze-up contributing about twice as much as earlier spring retreat. This feature is robustly found in a hierarchy of climate models and is consistent with a simple mechanism: solar energy is absorbed more efficiently than it can be released in non-solar form and should emerge out of variability within the next few decades.