Articles | Volume 13, issue 8
The Cryosphere, 13, 2133–2148, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2133-2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 2133–2148, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-2133-2019

Research article 15 Aug 2019

Research article | 15 Aug 2019

Eemian Greenland ice sheet simulated with a higher-order model shows strong sensitivity to surface mass balance forcing

Andreas Plach et al.

Data sets

Development of a three-dimensional meso-gamma primitive equation model: katabatic winds simulation in the area of Terra Nova Bay, Antarctica H. Gallée and G. Schayes https://doi.org/10.1175/1520- 0493(1994)122<0671:DOATDM>2.0.CO;2

Land surface–induced regional climate change in southern Israel K. de Ridder and H. Gallée https://doi.org/10.1175/1520- 0450(1998)037<1470:LSIRCC>2.0.CO;2

Impact of snow drift on the Antarctic ice sheet surface mass balance: possible sensitivity to snow-surface properties H. Gallée, G. Guyomarc'h, and E. Brun https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1018776422809

The 1988–2003 Greenland ice sheet melt extent using passive microwave satellite data and a regional climate model X. Fettweis, H. Gallée, F. Lefebre, and J.-P. van Ypersele https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-006-0150-8

Model code and software

Continental scale, high order, high spatial resolution, ice sheet modeling using the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM) E. Larour, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, and E. Rignot https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JF002140

Implementation of higher-order vertical finite elements in ISSM v4.13 for improved ice sheet flow modeling over paleoclimate timescales J. K. Cuzzone, M. Morlighem, E. Larour, N. Schlegel, and H. Seroussi https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-1683-2018

Description and evaluation of NorESM1-F: a fast version of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM) C. Guo, M. Bentsen, I. Bethke, M. Ilicak, J. Tjiputra, T. Toni azzo, J. Schwinger, and O. H. Otterå https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-343-2019

An efficient surface energy–mass balance model for snow and ice A. Born, M. A. Imhof, and T. F. Stocker https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-1529-2019

Short summary
Meltwater from the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) rises sea level and knowing how the GrIS behaved in the past will help to become better in predicting its future. Here, the evolution of the past GrIS is shown to be dominated by how much ice melts (a result of the prevailing climate) rather than how ice flow is represented in the simulations. Therefore, it is very important to know past climates accurately, in order to be able to simulate the evolution of the GrIS and its contribution to sea level.