Articles | Volume 12, issue 10
Research article
16 Oct 2018
Research article |  | 16 Oct 2018

19th century glacier retreat in the Alps preceded the emergence of industrial black carbon deposition on high-alpine glaciers

Michael Sigl, Nerilie J. Abram, Jacopo Gabrieli, Theo M. Jenk, Dimitri Osmont, and Margit Schwikowski


Total article views: 14,779 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
6,138 8,512 129 14,779 554 97 120
  • HTML: 6,138
  • PDF: 8,512
  • XML: 129
  • Total: 14,779
  • Supplement: 554
  • BibTeX: 97
  • EndNote: 120
Views and downloads (calculated since 20 Feb 2018)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 20 Feb 2018)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 14,779 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 12,810 with geography defined and 1,969 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1


Discussed (final revised paper)

Latest update: 02 Dec 2023
Short summary
The fast retreat of Alpine glaciers since the mid-19th century documented in photographs is used as a symbol for the human impact on global climate, yet the key driving forces remain elusive. Here we argue that not industrial soot but volcanic eruptions were responsible for an apparently accelerated deglaciation starting in the 1850s. Our findings support a negligible role of human activity in forcing glacier recession at the end of the Little Ice Age, highlighting the role of natural drivers.