Articles | Volume 12, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 12, 1563–1577, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1563-2018
The Cryosphere, 12, 1563–1577, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1563-2018
Research article
03 May 2018
Research article | 03 May 2018

Simulating the roles of crevasse routing of surface water and basal friction on the surge evolution of Basin 3, Austfonna ice cap

Yongmei Gong et al.

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Latest update: 16 May 2022
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Short summary
In this study we apply a discrete element model capable of simulating ice fracturing. A microscopic-scale discrete process is applied in addition to a continuum ice dynamics model to investigate the mechanisms facilitated by basal meltwater production, surface meltwater and ice crack opening, for the surge in Basin 3, Austfonna ice cap. The discrete element model is used to locate the ice cracks that can penetrate though the full thickness of the glacier and deliver surface water to the bed.