Articles | Volume 11, issue 1
The Cryosphere, 11, 229–246, 2017
The Cryosphere, 11, 229–246, 2017

Research article 27 Jan 2017

Research article | 27 Jan 2017

Microstructure representation of snow in coupled snowpack and microwave emission models

Melody Sandells et al.

Data sets

The Cryosphere Sandells et al. 2017 Datafiles M. Sandells, R. Essery, N. Rutter, L. Wake, L. Lepp\"{a}nen, and J. Lemmetyinen

Short summary
This study looks at a wide range of options for simulating sensor signals for satellite monitoring of water stored as snow, though an ensemble of 1323 coupled snow evolution and microwave scattering models. The greatest improvements will be made with better computer simulations of how the snow microstructure changes, followed by how the microstructure scatters radiation at microwave frequencies. Snow compaction should also be considered in systems to monitor snow mass from space.