Articles | Volume 15, issue 10
The Cryosphere, 15, 4703–4725, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-4703-2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 4703–4725, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-4703-2021

Research article 07 Oct 2021

Research article | 07 Oct 2021

Lasting impact of winds on Arctic sea ice through the ocean's memory

Qiang Wang et al.

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Latest update: 02 Dec 2021
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Short summary
Using simulations, we found that changes in ocean freshwater content induced by wind perturbations can significantly affect the Arctic sea ice drift, thickness, concentration and deformation rates years after the wind perturbations. The impact is through changes in sea surface height and surface geostrophic currents and the most pronounced in warm seasons. Such a lasting impact might become stronger in a warming climate and implies the importance of ocean initialization in sea ice prediction.