19 Apr 2023
 | 19 Apr 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal TC.

A computationally efficient statistically downscaled 100 m resolution Greenland product from the regional climate model MAR

Marco Tedesco, Paolo Colosio, Xavier Fettweis, and Guido Cervone

Abstract. The Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) has been contributing directly to sea level rise and this contribution is projected to accelerate over next decades. A crucial tool for studying the evolution surface mass loss (e.g., surface mass balance, SMB) consists of regional climate models (RCMs) which can provide current estimates and future projections of sea level rise associated with such losses. However, one of the main limitations of RCMs is the relatively coarse horizontal spatial resolution at which outputs are currently generated. Here, we report results concerning the statistical downscaling of the SMB modeled by the Modèle Atmosphérique Régional (MAR) RCM from the original spatial resolution of 6 km to 100 m building on the relationship between elevation and mass losses in Greenland. To this goal, we developed a geospatial framework that allows the parallelization of the downscaling process, a crucial aspect to increase the computational efficiency of the algorithm. The results obtained in the case of the SMB, assessed through the comparison of the modeled outputs with in-situ SMB measurements, show a considerable improvement in the case of the downscaled product with respect to the original, coarse output. In the case of the downscaled MAR product, the coefficient of determination (R2) increases from 0.868 for the original MAR output to 0.935 for the downscaled product. Moreover, the value of the slope and intercept of the linear regression fitting modeled and measured SMB values shifts from 0.865 for the original MAR to 1.015 for the downscaled product in the case of the intercept and from the value -235 mm (original) to -57 mm (downscaled) in the case of the slope, considerably improving upon results previously published in the literature.

Marco Tedesco et al.

Status: open (until 08 Jul 2023)

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Marco Tedesco et al.

Marco Tedesco et al.


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Short summary
We developed a technique to improve the outputs of a model that calculates the gain and loss of Greenland and, consequently, its contribution to sea level rise. Our technique generates "sharper" images of the maps generated by the model to better understand and quantify where losses occur. this has implications for improving models, understanding what drives the contributions of Greenland to sea level rise and more.