20 Dec 2021
20 Dec 2021
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal TC.

Geophysical measurements of perennial snow patches in Pirin Mountain, Bulgaria

Atanas Ivanov Kisyov1, Christian Veselinov Tzankov1, and Gergana Dimitrova Georgieva2 Atanas Ivanov Kisyov et al.
  • 1University of Mining and Geology ”Sv. Ivan Rilski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 2Sofia University ”Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

Abstract. Perennial snow patches are considered as indicators of permafrost occurence. There are no large glaciers on the territory of Bulgaria but small patches of snow and firn have been observed in the high mountains in the end of the summer. Perennial snow patches are considered as indicators of permafrost occurrence. In this paper we present results from geophysical investigations of Snezhnika microglacier situated in the Golyam Kazan cirque, Pirin Mountain, Bulgaria. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) and 2D Electro Resistivity Tomography (ERT) were used to estimate the thickness of the perennial snow patch as well as its subsurface structure. Measurements started in 2018 and continued over the next three years in order to evaluate changes in the snow patches' size and thickness. The mean thickness of Snezhnika is about 4–6 m, reaching up to 8 m in some areas. ERT measurements of the deeper parts of the microglacier beds show high electrical resistivities reaching over 60000 Ωm at a depth of 4–10 m. An anomaly at this depth is likewise distinguishable on the GPR profiles. These anomalies are interpreted as frozen zones and are consistently observed on the ERT and GPR profiles in the next two years of the study. These results imply for the first time the existence of permafrost in Pirin mountain and respectively in Bulgaria.

Atanas Ivanov Kisyov et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on tc-2021-337', Mihai Cimpoiasu, 14 Jan 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Gergana Georgieva, 15 Feb 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on tc-2021-337', Anonymous Referee #2, 10 Apr 2022
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Gergana Georgieva, 19 May 2022

Atanas Ivanov Kisyov et al.

Atanas Ivanov Kisyov et al.


Total article views: 540 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
421 100 19 540 10 9
  • HTML: 421
  • PDF: 100
  • XML: 19
  • Total: 540
  • BibTeX: 10
  • EndNote: 9
Views and downloads (calculated since 20 Dec 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 20 Dec 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 522 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 522 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
Latest update: 30 Jun 2022
Short summary
The southernmost microglacier in Europe is Snezhnika in Pirin Mountain Bulgaria. We have used geophysical measurements to investigate its thickness and internal structure. While its size is well monitored since more than 20 years, the estimations of its thickness is poor. This motivated us to conduct the research. Perennial snow patches and microglaciers are considered as indicators of permafrost occurrence, although no evidence for permafrost existence in Bulgaria was published until our paper.