Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-104
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-104

  18 May 2021

18 May 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal TC.

Development of a Diffuse Reflectance Probe for In Situ Measurement of Inherent Optical Properties in Sea Ice

Christophe Perron1,4, Christian Katlein1,2, Simon Lambert-Girard1, Edouard Leymarie3, Louis-Philippe Guinard1,4, Pierre Marquet4,5, and Marcel Babin1 Christophe Perron et al.
  • 1Takuvik Joint International Laboratory, Laval University (Canada)-CNRS (France), Québec city, G1V 0A6, Canada
  • 2Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, 27570, Germany
  • 3Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche-sur-Mer, Villefranche-sur-Mer, 06230, France
  • 4CERVO Brain Research Centre, Laval University, Québec city, G1J 2G3, Canada
  • 5Centre d’optique, photonique et laser, Laval University, Québec city, G1V 0A6, Canada

Abstract. Detailed characterization of the spatially and temporally varying inherent optical properties (IOPs) of sea ice is necessary to better predict energy and mass balances, as well as ice-associated primary production. Here we present the development of an active optical probe to measure IOPs of a small volume of sea ice (dm3) in situ and non-destructively. The probe is derived from the diffuse reflectance method used to measure the IOPs of human tissues. The instrument emits light into the ice by the use of optical fibre. Backscattered light is measured at multiple distances away from the source using several receiving fibres. Comparison to a Monte Carlo simulated lookup table allows to retrieve the absorption coefficient, the reduced scattering coefficient and a phase function similarity parameter γ, introduced by Bevilacqua and Depeursinge (1999), depending on the two first moments of the Legendre polynomials, allowing to analyze the backscattered light not satisfying the diffusion regime. Monte Carlo simulations showed that the depth cumulating 95% of the signal is between 40±2 mm and 270±20 mm depending on the source-detector distance and on the ice scattering properties. The magnitude of the instrument validation error on the reduced scattering coefficient ranged from 0.07% for the most scattering medium to 35% for the less scattering medium over the two orders of magnitude we validated. Vertical profiles of the reduced scattering coefficient were obtained with decimeter resolution on first-year Arctic interior sea ice on Baffin Island in early spring 2019. We measured values of up to 7.1 m−1 for the uppermost layer of interior ice and down to 0.15±0.05 m−1 for the bottommost layer. These values are in the range of polar interior sea ice measurements published by other authors. The inversion of the reduced scattering coefficient at this scale was strongly dependent of γ, highlighting the need to define the higher moments of the phase function. This novel developed probe provides a fast and reliable means for measurement of scattering into sea ice.

Christophe Perron et al.

Status: open (until 13 Jul 2021)

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Christophe Perron et al.

Christophe Perron et al.

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Short summary
Characterizing the evolution of inherent optical properties (IOPs) of sea ice in situ is necessary to improve climate and arctic ecosystems models. Here we present the development of an optical probe, based on the spatially resolved diffuse reflectance method, to measure IOPs of a small volume of sea ice (dm3) in situ and non-destructively. For the first time, in situ vertically resolved profiles of the dominant IOP, the reduced scattering coefficient, were obtained for interior sea ice.