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https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-177
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2020-177
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  17 Jul 2020

17 Jul 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal TC.

Multi-model based estimation of sea ice volume variations in the Baffin Bay

Chao Min1, Qinghua Yang1, Longjiang Mu2, Frank Kauker2,3, and Robert Ricker2 Chao Min et al.
  • 1School of Atmospheric Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, and Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai, 5 519082, China
  • 2Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 3Ocean Atmosphere Systems, 20249 Hamburg, Germany

Abstract. Sea ice in Baffin Bay plays an important role in the deep water formation in the Labrador Sea and contributes to the variation of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) on larger scales. To quantify the sea ice volume variations in Baffin Bay, a major driver of the deep water formation, three state-of-the-art sea ice models (CMST, NAOSIM, and PIOMAS) are investigated in the melt and freezing season from 2011 to 2016. An ensemble of three estimates of the sea ice volume fluxes in Baffin Bay is generated from the three modeled sea ice thickness and NSIDC satellite derived ice drift data. Results show that the net increase of the ensemble mean sea ice volume (SIV) in Baffin Bay occurs from October to April with the largest SIV increase in December (116 ± 16 km3 month−1) and the reduction occurs from May to September with the largest SIV decline in July (−160 ± 32 km3 month−1). The maximum SIV inflow occurs in winter in all the model data consistently. The ensemble mean SIV inflow (322 ± 4 km3) reaches its maximum in winter 2013 caused by high ice velocities while the largest SIV outflow (244 ± 61 km3) occurs in spring of 2014. The long-term annual mean ice volume inflow and outflow are 437(± 53) km3 and 339(± 68) km3, respectively. Our analysis also reveals that on average, sea ice in Baffin Bay melts from May to October with a net reduction of 335 km3 in volume while it freezes from November to April with a net increase of 251 km3.

Chao Min et al.

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Short summary
An ensemble of three estimates of the sea ice volume variations in Baffin Bay from 2011 to 2016 is generated from the three modeled sea ice thickness (CMST, NAOSIM, and PIOMAS) and NSIDC satellite derived ice drift data. Results show that the net increase of the ensemble mean sea ice volume occurs from October to April with the largest SIV increase in December and the reduction occurs from May to September with the largest SIV decline in July.
An ensemble of three estimates of the sea ice volume variations in Baffin Bay from 2011 to 2016...
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